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Name: I Breviarium

Repository: University Library

Settlement: Sydney, in the University of Sydney

Associated Manuscript Items:
I Breviarium

Library ref: MS. Additional 18

Acquisition: The volume was for a long time in the possession of Sir John Sulman,[175] whose family presented it in 1967 [N175] Architect and art patron (1849-1934), cf. Aust.Enc., Vol.VIII, pp.352-3.

Binding: binding contemporary brown calf over wooden boards. Covers carry blind-stamped panels with fleurs-de-lis, roses, basilisks, lions rampant, fleurets. Of the ten holes for bosses, arranged in quincunx on each out side cover, only four now carry bosses; fittings for clasps at the top and bottom sections of each cover; worm-holes around the spine; no lettering.

Catchwords: catch words remain

Collation: (10)1 (6)2 (12)3-10 (11)11 (12)12-13 (13)14 (8)15 (12)16-23 (10)24-29 (3)30 (10)31 (12)32 (6)33 (11)34 (12)35-40 (16)41. Although sheets appear to have been removed from quires 11 and 34, there is no gap in the text. Folios 17r.Ñ17v., 135v., 193v., 327v., 353r.Ñ355v., 453v., 454r. are blank, while 167r.Ñ168v. have been ruled and then left without text.


Condition: Edges trimmed Leather markers are attached to the outer edges of some folios. worm-holes around the spine

Deco desc: red or vermilion rubrics; red and brown entries in the Calendar, blue section-lines, red or vermilion initials, some with blue penwork. There is an unfinished initial on Av.

Dimensions: 158 x 106 mm

Extent: 454

Foliation: Foliation has been carried out by rubricators using roman numerals iÑclx on fols 1-160 and arabic numerals 1Ñ99 on fols 356Ñ454

Hand desc: Eight principal German hands of the second half 15c. (i) 1r.Ñ28v., 430r.Ñ441v. is a littera hors systme (ii) 29r.Ñ160v., 169r.Ñ203r., 328r.Ñ335v., 338r.Ñ352v., 427r.Ñ429v. also a littera hors systme (iii) 161r.Ñ166v. another littera hors systme (iv) 203v.Ñ204v., 213v.Ñ216v. is a littera hybrida currens (v) 205r.Ñ213v. another littera hybrida currens (vi) 217r.Ñ327r. is a littera hybrida (vii) 336r.Ñ337v. is a littera cursiva formata (viii) 356r.Ñ426v. is a littera hybrida. Many scribes have interleaved the text with small pieces of paper carrying additions to their copies.


Layout: Calendar ruled with 33 lines, elsewhere the number of lines to a side ranges from 25 to 35

Library ref alt:

List bibl: Exhibition, p. 28, no.66

Music notation:


Orig date: s. xv2

Orig place:

Origin: Benedictine origin comes from the prominence given to Benedictus in the Calendar. The provenance of the Breviary is clearly Saxony.

Provenance: on 453r. by a 15c. hand is an office for the Dominica post omnium sanctorum seruatur festum reliquiarum. Summum maius, and on 454v. in the same hand are prayers for the first, second and third nocturns; Av. in another 15c. hand ÔIste liber est monasterii sancti petri In Erffordia[N172] Et quondam spectabat ad monasterium bergense prope Magdeburgam[N173] sed postea a patre Anthonio per commutationem aliorum librorum orationalium sibi pro itinere ad curiam romanam mage congruentium ad nostrum peruenit monasterium etc.Õ; Ar. by another 15c. hand Absolutio plenaria in articulo mortis impendenda . . . Dominus noster ihesus christus te absoluat et auctoritate ipsius É Ar. in a 16c. hand ÔDiurnale[N174]Õ ut uidetur .1.Õ; Ar. in 19c. pencil Ô1480Õ; [N172] The Benedictine Monastery of SS Peter and Paul at Erfurt. [N173] This is the Benedictine Monastery of St Maurice at Magdeburg. This saintÕs name is mentioned in the note on the Dominical Letter on 253v. [N174] The contents are more characteristic of a Breviary than of a Diurnale.

Record hist source: Sinclair no. 148 I


Signatures: Quire signatures remain

Support: paper water-marks are a tower cf. Briquet, Vol.IV, no.15875 (Straubing 1452, Munich 1455, Bamberg 1459, Leipzig 1460 and variants else where in Germany to 1472); three hills surmounted by a cross cf. ibid., Vol.III, no.11804 (Bamberg 1476, Wurzburg 1475-7, Brunswick 1478, Erfurt 1483-8); ox-head surmounted by a flower on a stalk cf. ibid., Vol.IV, nos 14777-804 commonly found all over Germany 1421-78; ox-head surmounted by a cross and a star cf. ibid., Vol.IV, no.14541 found in many parts of Germany 1461-81; ox-head with triangle pendant from chin, but the nature of the head adornment is not discernible Ñ perhaps the water-mark is Briquet, Vol.IV, no.14873 also German in origin and of the second half of 15c.


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